Male Infertility- Symptoms, Test And Treatments
Infertility affects 1 in 6 couples. And, after examination, a lot of couples have shown effects that infertility is because of the male companion. Male infertility contributes to over 30% of infertility cases around the world. You have 4 major causes of male infertility.
- Pituitary disorder
- Gonad disorder
- Unknown reasons
- Sperm motility problem
After so much research, there is still a section of unknown reasons where even after diagnosis, the doctors fail to provide an appropriate cause of male infertility. Male infertility majorly occurs because of insufficient sperm count or ejaculation problems.
Sperms are called abnormal for majorly two reasons: If they have low mobility or their lifespan is very short. Sperm abnormality can occur because of the reasons mentioned below:
- Testicular inflammation
- Inflammation in the veins of the scrotum
- Testicles are abnormally developed
Some of the reasons for low sperm count are given below:
- Consumption of alcohol, smoking, and drugs.
- Hernia repair
- Hormonal problems
- Genetic disorder
- Mumps infection
- Exposure to chemicals or radiation
- Wearing tight underwear
- Groin area injury.
Male infertility can also happen when you have ejaculation problems. It comprises of the following conditions:
- Premature ejaculation
- Problem because of surgery
- Erectile dysfunction
- Retrograde ejaculation
Other causes of male infertility comprise of infection in the urinary tract, STD history, or certain medication consumption.
Symptoms of Male Infertility
You have only one symptom of male infertility and that is you fail to conceive even after trying for one year without any protection.
How to Diagnose Male Infertility?
You can evaluate male infertility first by physical checkup. The patient should conduct his medical history with the doctor to examine his condition. Some other tests demanded diagnosis are discussed below:
- Semen evaluation to find out the quality and quantity of the sperm
- A blood test to check hormone levels
- Culture of penis fluid to check infections
Male Infertility Tests
If a male infertility test is prepared, a semen examination produces these results:
The volume of semen: 2ml is normal but a lower count may suggest a problem with seminal vesicles or prostate issue
Sperm count: 20 million to 300 million for ml is normal. If it is below 10 million, it is poor.
Morphology: The appearance and size of the sperm are identified and 30% is recommended to be the normal shape.
Motility: Movement of the active cells is checked. Movement ranges from 0 to 4 with 3 being good.
Male Infertility Treatment
Male infertility is sometimes treated by the conventional method. Some of the male infertility treatment methods are given below:
- Take medicines to increase sperm production
- Take antibiotics to cure your infection
- Take hormone pills to improve your hormonal balance
- Avoid hot showers
- Wear loose underwear
Sperm production also improves by consuming supplements to increase your chances of conception. Apart from this, you also have the option to go for artificial insemination, if the sperm count is very low. In this method, sperm is collected via several ejaculations and placed manually in the uterus or fallopian tube of the woman.
IVF is yet another method that can be used to help you become a parent even with male infertility. In this procedure, sperm and eggs are fertilized in a lab and the fertilized egg is placed in the uterus of the woman.
If tests reveal that there isn’t any sperm production, then you can opt for donor sperm which can help you conceive and be a parent. In this process, the donor provides sperm and it is placed inside the uterus or fallopian tube of the woman via artificial insemination.
Can you Prevent Male Infertility?
There isn’t anything that can be done to prevent male infertility which has occurred because of any illness or genetic issues. However, you can definitely take actions to lower your chances of getting infertile: They are given below:
- Avoid getting infected with sexually transmitted diseases
- Do not consume drugs
- Avoid radiation
- Do not get exposed to poisonous substances
- Do not consume alcohol
- Avoid long hot baths
- Wear loose underwear
Some couples keep trying by using the traditional methods to recover their fertility while others opt for the innovative and technological methods to regain their fertility. If you want to conceive, then get in touch with a gynecologist immediately and get yourself checked now. Find out the problem and seek immediate treatment options and start your family.