What are Causes of Diabetes and Treatments?
Diabetes is an endocrine disease. Insufficient insulin secretion or the body’s failure to use insulin effectively affects the regulation of blood sugar and makes blood sugar too high. When blood sugar exceeds the load of the kidneys, the sugar in the blood will be excreted through urine, so it is called diabetes.
What are main types and cause of diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes: About 5 to 10 percent of patients are type 1 diabetes. Most of the patients are young people, because of the cytopathy of insulin secretion, the patients are severely lack of insulin, and the onset is generally more urgent. Patients need to rely on insulin injections to stabilize blood glucose levels.
Type 2 diabetes: is the most common type, accounting for 90 to 95 percent of patients. Most people with type 2 diabetes are middle-aged or older, especially those with family history, obesity, poor eating habits, or lack of exercise. Mainly due to insufficient insulin secretion or the body’s reduced ability to use insulin. The onset is slower and the symptoms are less obvious, and some patients are not aware at the beginning.
The treatment of type 2 diabetes varies from person to person. Mild ones can stabilize blood sugar and diabetes levels by practicing healthy lifestyles, such as weight control, improving diabetes diet and regular exercise, while more severe ones require oral hypoglycemic drugs or even insulin injections.
Gestational diabetes: Patients diagnosed with high blood sugar during pregnancy and return to normal after delivery, but they are more likely to develop diabetes in the future.
Secondary diabetes: refers to diabetes caused by special causes (such as mumps, chronic pancreatitis, etc. or long-term use of steroids).
What are the main Symptoms of Diabetes?
Some diabetic patients have no obvious diabetes symptoms, only found during a blood test. What are the early symptoms and signs of diabetes?
- Frequent frequency and increased urine output, often thirsty
- Easy to get tired and lose weight
- Itchy skin and genitals
- Wounds are inflamed and not easy to heal
Complications of diabetes
The complications of diabetes can be divided into two categories, acute and chronic. The most common acute complication is because the blood sugar is too high or too low. Severe can cause coma, known as diabetic lethargy and hypoglycemic shock. In these emergencies, they must be sent to hospital for diabetes treatment immediately.
Chronic complications are mainly due to vascular disease caused by diabetes, which diabetes causes problems in multiple organs, such as coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, renal failure, cataracts, retinopathy, etc. Severe can cause blindness, stroke, chronic skin ulcers, tissue necrosis or Amputation, etc. Therefore, diabetes must pay attention to control blood sugar to reduce the risk of complications. You can find more information of diabetes – wikipedia
Here is the Treatment of Diabetes
Weight loss: Maintaining an ideal weight can restore unbalanced insulin secretion to normal.
Regulate your diet: Avoid eating foods that are high in calories and high in sugar, which can reduce the load on the pancreas. Some minor patients only need to pay attention to diabetes diet, they can control the disease without taking medication.
Appropriate exercise: It can improve the health of blood vessels, promote blood circulation and reduce complications. For overweight patients, it helps to control weight.
Diabetes treatment: You should take hypoglycemic drugs or insulin injections as directed by your doctor to avoid adverse reactions.
In addition, patients should pay attention to the adjustment of life, regular meals, regular rest, regular smoking, no smoking, and regular follow-up consultations to ensure that the disease is under control and to slow down the occurrence of complications.
How Can You Prevention of Diabetes?
The so-called ” diabetes prevention is better than cure”, regardless of whether the high-risk group, should also actively practice a healthy lifestyle, including: a balanced diet and maintain a moderate weight, develop exercise habits, but also not smoking, avoid inhalation of second-hand smoke and alcohol, to reduce The chance of developing diabetes in the future.